The Eight Limbs of Yoga

When most people think of yoga, they think of a toned, flexible person, whose sole aim in life is to do a handstand. 

Yoga is not about being flexible. 

True yoga is a lifestyle and the path of a Yogi is that of a seeker. 

These eight limbs are steps, a roadmap on the Yogic Path to enlightenment, a path to help you find peace, live your truth and use your energy in a positive way. 

The Eight Limbs

1. Yamas

Restraints or moral disciplines

These restraints and moral disciplines primarily relate to your interaction with the outside or external world. 

There are five Yamas:

Ahimsa -  Non-violence

Satya - Truthfulness

Asteya - Non-stealing 

Brahmacharya- Right use of energy 

Aparigraha- Non- greed or Non- possessivness

2. Niyamas

Positive observances or duties

Character building positive observances, duties and practices of self-restraint. These relate to your inner self.

There are five Niyamas:

Saucha - Cleanliness or Purity

Santosha -  Contentment

Tapas - Self - Discipline, Training your senses 

Svadhyaya - Self-study or reflection, inner exploration

Isvarapranidaha - Surrender to a higher power

3. Asana

Physical Postures or Poses

These physical postures invite us to learn focus and discipline. Not pushing yourself to obtain perfection, but more to find the peace and surrender within the asana, to sit within the realm of your personal capability.

4. Pranayama

Breathwork or breathing techniques

Pranayama consists of breathing techniques, to help us understand the connection between the breath, the emotions and the mind. Breath is lifeforce, when we learn to control the breath, we also learn to control the mind and the emotions.

5. Pratyahara

Withdrawal of your senses

To withdraw your senses from the external world and concentrate on the internal. The beginning of a yoga class is the start of this turning inward and the basis for meditation. Contrary to popular belief, it is not 'switching off' your senses, but withdrawing your focus from that which is outside ourselves and prepare for the next step, Dharana.

6. Dharana

Focused concentration

Holding or maintaining this focus, be it a mantra, candle-gazing or breath-work are all practices of Dharana. Having something to concentrate on helps us withdraw our senses inward and allows for Dhyana, true meditation. 

7. Dhyana


The breathwork, withdrawing the senses and focus all align and we are able to be aware without a particular focus. When we are truly meditating, we do not think 'I am meditating', by this point of meditation we are not thinking, the mind is still. This state of being allows us to glimpse the Oneness that is Samadhi.

8. Samadhi

Bliss or Enlightenment

Often referred to as oneness, bliss or Enlightenment, it is also called realisation. The final step on the path. The word Samadhi 'sama'- same or equal and 'dhi' to see,  'to see equal'. Enlightenment (rather than floating away on a cloud) is the realisation that everything is one, this blissful state is one of pure joy and love for all things, of acceptance for things just as they are, without judgement or fear.

The Yogic path is one of truth, love, gratitude and infinite possibility, when embraced; it is truly transformative. 

"Yoga is when every cell of the body sings the song of the Soul" B.K.S Lyengar

Next week we will delve further into the Yama's and Niyama's.

Until then,


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